The hunt for the Higgs steps up a gear (PhysOrg.com) — Recent research in the US suggests there may be five versions of the theorized Higgs boson. The Higgs was dubbed the “God particle” by Nobel laureate Leon Lederman because its discovery could unify our understanding of the universe and help us “know the mind of God”.The Higgs is extremely important to the accepted theory of physics, known as the “Standard Model”, which was developed in the 1970s to incorporate everything known at the time about interactions between sub-atomic particles. The Higgs boson is thought to be the sub-atomic particle that mediates the force through which all other sub-atomic particles acquire their mass.Scientists have been trying for five decades to detect the Higgs boson, but have so far failed. Now theoretical physicist Adam Martin and colleagues at the Fermilab’s Tevatron particle accelerator near Chicago in Illinois in the US have analyzed results from the DZero experiment and suggest there may be multiple versions of the Higgs boson.The DZero experiment set up and observed collisions protons and anti-protons and was designed to examine the reason why the world is composed of normal matter rather than its opposite: anti-matter. They found the collisions resulted in pairs of muons one percent more often than anti-muon particles. The asymmetry could explain why matter has come to dominate over anti-matter, rather than the two annihilating each other.This effect, called CP violation, had been seen before but not to the same degree as seen in DZero, and the degree of asymmetry found in the latest results is greater than can be accounted for by the Standard Model. The researchers said the results could be explained by the existence of five Higgs boson particles with similar masses, with one having a negative electric charge, one negative and three neutral. The theory is called the two-Higgs doublet model.The two-Higgs doublet model is not the only possible explanation for the results, but Dr Martin said fitting a new effect in the Standard Model without disrupting its fit with other tests is difficult. The Standard Model accommodates only one Higgs doublet, and while scientists think of the Higgs as a single particle, Dr Martin said it “actually comes in a package of four”. Only one is seen because the other three are seen as W and Z bosons. Adding another Higgs doublet adds four more particles.Many physicists have come to regard the Standard Model as incomplete since it does not explain gravity or describe dark matter. An extension to the Standard Model, known as “supersymmetry,” proposes that each particle has a more massive “shadow” partner particle, effectively doubling the number of known particles. Such a scheme could accommodate the two-Higgs doublet model. So far no experimental evidence has been found for the existence of the “shadow” particles.The search for the Higgs boson is one of the main aims of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva in Switzerland. The facility, the world’s largest particle accelerator, could also find experimental evidence for supersymmetry.The results of the US research is published at arXiv.org. The Standard Model. Image credit: AAAS This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further More information: Bogdan A. Dobrescu, Patrick J. Fox, Adam Martin: CP violation in B_s mixing from heavy Higgs exchange, arXiv:1005.4238, arxiv.org/abs/1005.4238 Citation: Study finds there may be multiple ‘God particles’ (2010, June 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-06-multiple-god-particles.html
New research in the UK on rhesus macaque monkeys has found for the first time that if they live in larger groups they develop more gray matter in parts of the brain involved in processing information on social interactions. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Similar structures for face selectivity in human and monkey brains The researchers, led by Jerome Sallet of Oxford University, said the results of the new study bear some similarities to research by other groups working with humans, that related brain size to the extent of social interactions. These studies include recent work that suggested a link between the volume of some regions of the brain and the number of online friends people have in social networking sites such as Facebook.The new study observed 23 macaques in a number of groups of different sizes. The monkeys were kept in their groups for an average of over a year, and a minimum of two months. One monkey was alone in its cage, but in all the other groups, which had from two to seven individuals, a heirarchy developed in which an individual’s rank depended on the monkey’s ability to form successful social interactions, such as friendships and partnerships.The study used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the brains of the monkeys, and the results showed that in the temporal areas of the brain associated with social interaction skills, around a five percent increase in the volume of gray matter was found for each additional group member. The regions of the brain that increased in volume included the temporal pole, temporal cortex, and the inferior and rostral temporal gyri. The researchers also compared the brains of male monkeys at various levels in the dominance-based heirarchy and found a number of brain areas, particularly the prefrontal cortex and inferior temporal sulcus, were enlarged in males of higher rank.The research demonstrated that the social networks caused the changes in the brain (rather than enlarged brain areas influencing position in the social network, or the size of the network) because the scientists manipulated the size and makeup of the groups over a period of several months, and observed the changes in the brains of the monkeys.Earlier research has shown that the brain shows plasticity, which means it can change in volume in different regions in response to environmental changes or acquisition of new skills or knowledge. Research had not previously shown brain plasticity in relation to social networking skills.The paper was published in the journal Science on 4th November. Citation: Monkeys with larger friend networks have more gray matter (2011, November 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-11-monkeys-larger-friend-networks-gray.html Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com
© 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Bo Wang et al. “Visible-Frequency Dielectric Metasurfaces for Multiwavelength Achromatic and Highly Dispersive Holograms.” Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02326 (Phys.org)—By carefully arranging many nanoblocks to form pixels on a metasurface, researchers have demonstrated that they can manipulate incoming visible light in just the right way to create a color “meta-hologram.” The new method of creating holograms has an order of magnitude higher reconstruction efficiency than similar color meta-holograms, and has applications for various types of 3D color holographic displays and achromatic planar lenses. Explore further Multicolor meta-hologram produces light across entire visible spectrum Citation: High-efficiency color holograms created using a metasurface made of nanoblocks (2016, July 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-07-high-efficiency-holograms-metasurface-nanoblocks.html (Top left) One pixel, which is made of four nanoblocks. (Top right) Experimental setup for generating a color hologram. (Bottom) Experimental results of achromatic color holograms, made of red, green, or blue light or by combining these colors. Credit: Wang et al. ©2016 American Chemical Society Color holographic image made by shining laser light on a metasurface. Credit: Wang et al. ©2016 American Chemical Society The researchers, Bo Wang et al., from Peking University and the National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, both in China, have published a paper on the new type of hologram in a recent issue of Nano Letters.The pixels on the new metasurface consist of three types of silicon nanoblocks whose precise dimensions correspond to the wavelengths of three different colors: red, green, and blue. To enhance the efficiency for the blue light, two identical nanoblocks corresponding to the blue light are arranged in each pixel, along with one nanoblock for red light and one for green light.The researchers explain that each pixel can be thought of as a “meta-molecule” because it is the basic repeating, subwavelength unit of the larger metasurface that constitutes the entire hologram. The meta-molecules enable the metasurface to control light in ways that are not possible without modern nanoscale design.When red, green, and blue lasers illuminate the hologram, each nanoblock manipulates the phase of its corresponding color. The researchers explain that a key achievement of the study was to minimize the interactions between nanoblocks so that the nanoblocks function almost independently of each other. Then by orienting the nanoblocks in different ways, the researchers could change the light’s phase manipulation, resulting in different holographic images. “Our work provides an approach for realizing the almost independent manipulation of phase for different visible wavelengths in subwavelength resolution and in transmission mode due to the absence of interactions between nanoblocks within one meta-molecule, which allows for particular functionalities,” coauthor Yan Li, at Peking University, told Phys.org.The researchers demonstrated that the nanoblock approach can be used to create two different types of holograms. In an achromatic hologram, the entire reconstructed image is in one color. By balancing the relative input of the three colors, a wide spectrum of colors can be achieved. In the second type of hologram, called a highly dispersive hologram, different parts of the reconstructed image have different colors—for example, a red flower, green stem, and blue container. The new color hologram has a variety of potential applications where spectral wavefront manipulation is required, such as 3D color holograms, achromatic lenses, and anti-conterfeiting planar optical devices. The researchers plan to pursue these applications in future work.”Based on this idea and approach, novel real planar optical devices may be fabricated to realize many novel or extra functions in the future,” Weiguo Chu at the National Center for Nanoscience and Technology said. Journal information: Nano Letters
Going an extra mile to make the women staff at The Imperial feel safe and secure in the city, The Imperial had organized Self Defence workshop in the beginning of June 2014 and its Grand finale was conducted on 25 June at The Royal Ballroom, to demonstrate the techniques taught by the Delhi Police officials. The workshop was held to empower women with essential skills to handle untoward situations and instill confidence for safeguarding themselves at anytime, anywhere. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The action- packed afternoon which culminated with yet another session of self defence training organized for 15 days this year saw the presence of senior police officials including the Chief Guest Garima Bhatnagar, Joint Commissioner of Police (Special Cell). Trainers from women’s cell of Delhi police, senior management and associates of The Imperial were also present at the occasion.The event started with an introductory speech by Senior Executive Vice President & General Manager, The Imperial Vijay Wanchoo said, ‘Women today constitute a considerable workforce in the service sector. This makes our role in ensuring their safety, critical. We had initiated this exclusive workshop with Delhi Police again this year to train women associates who have recently joined and have taken all the measures to boost the level of participation amongst them. Various techniques are taught by the officials to ensure their safety in the hour of need enabling them to handle any unpleasant situation.’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHe further added, ‘The Self Defense training has instilled strength to fight back and has made the lady associates aware of their capabilities and I am sure they are now better equipped to protect themselves in difficult and challenging situations.’At the grand finale, the participants demonstrated techniques they had learnt to handle situational attacks like hand holding, touching while travelling in bus, neck and knife attacks on women. The event concluded with the honoring of participants by presentation of certificates by Delhi Police in the presence of all guests and staff.
Kolkata: The state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) busted a fake document racket from Jalpaiguri on Monday night and apprehended a person in this connection.”We conducted a raid on the basis of credible source of information at a cosmetic store, based at Natun Bazar area near Dabgram in Jalpaiguri. The owner of the shop, Goutam Sarkar, was arrested and several forged documents were recovered from his possession,” said a senior official of the state CID department. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe sleuths have recovered 35 forged marksheets and certificates of different persons studying in a number of educational institutions in North Bengal, including North Bengal University. The CID team has also recovered a laptop, a colour printer and 31 forged rubber stamps belonging to headmasters of schools, inspectors in charge of police stations, local councillors and Panchayat pradhans. A lamination machine and some driving licences, which were suspected to be fake, were also seized from Sarkar’s possession.The state CID has initiated a case at New Jalpaiguri police station against Sarkar. “He will be produced at the local court, following which we will take him into custody and grill him for further leads,” a senior CID official said.
Aiming to create an appropriate e-market platform that would be deployable in wholesale regulated markets across states and UTs, the Ministry of Agriculture has approved a Central Sector Scheme to promote online sale of agriculture produce. The scheme which is based on promotion of national agricultural market through Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) has been allotted a corpus fund of Rs 200 crore. The platform, according to Minister of State for Agriculture Mohanbhai Kundaria, will enable development of an alternative marketing channel, enhance transparency in auction process and number of buyers, resolve information asymmetry, improve market access by integrating warehouse based sales and will facilitate migration towards a barrier free national market.
Kolkata: State Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari, who is also the local MLA from Nandigram, will be visiting the homes of two people who were killed when bombs had exploded on the day of Panchayat election.It may be recalled that the victims – Apu Manna and Jogeswar Ghosh – were killed when crude bombs exploded at Nandigram. Preliminary investigation has revealed that the explosion took place when they were carrying the bombs. On the day of the election, six Trinamool Congress workers were killed in different parts of the state, on the day of the poll on May 14. Apu and Jogeswar were claimed to be CPI(M) workers. They had died after receiving severe injuries, when the bombs exploded. Sources said that the family members of both Apu and Jogeswar didn’t have any allegation against any political party. No such complaint was lodged in this connection either. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe counting of the Panchayat polls is going to take place on Thursday and it has been learnt that Adhikari will be visiting the houses of the victims after the day of counting. Local people also went to the houses of the victims and the family members have shown confidence in the authorities.Sources said that the authorities will be extending as much help as possible to the bereaved family members, as the two victims were both bread earners of their respective families. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAdhikari will be speaking to the victims’ family members and would also enquire if they are facing any sort of problems. He would also extend as much necessary support as possible to the family members.It may be mentioned that Nandigram has witnessed massive development work in the past six and a half years after the change of guard in the state and the development work is still carrying on with equal pace in the area.
Kolkata: The Regional Meteorological Centre at Alipore has predicted that monsoon current will be active in the South Bengal districts, bringing more rainfall after June 23.There is, however, a possibility of scattered rainfall in some parts of South Bengal districts, which will fail to bring comfort for the people from the uneasy weather.According to a senior official of the weather office, there is possibility of scattered thunderstorm in various South Bengal districts, for the next two days. The monsoon rain will hit the districts of South Bengal between June 23-25. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThere is, however, a prediction of moderate to heavy rainfall in North Bengal districts, in the next 48 hours. There will be no respite from the heat in the city and South Bengal districts in the next 48 hours, as predicted by the Regional Meteorological Centre.It may be mentioned that people in the city and the South Bengal districts witnessed a spell of shower on Thursday afternoon, resulting in a drop in temperature and giving temporary relief to the people from the sultry weather. “There may be some scattered rainfall in some parts of South Bengal, but it will not be able to bring respite to the people. The sultry and uncomfortable weather will prevail in South Bengal districts, while there is a prediction of rainfall in North Bengal districts. The situation will improve after June 23, as monsoon current will become active in South Bengal,” a senior official of the weather office said. City dwellers had witnessed the mercury touching 41 degree Celsius in the city for a few days. The city usually does not witness such temperature during this time of the year, after the onset of monsoon. Temperature in the districts like Purulia, Bankura, Burdwan, East Midnapore and West Midnapore also touched 40 degree Celsius.The weather office said that the westerly winds from Northern states are bringing the heat wave condition into the state. The impact of the westerly winds is high, as the monsoon currents remain stalled.Due to the monsoon currents getting stalled, the condition remains dry. The situation will improve as the monsoon will gain strength after June 23 and it would bring more rainfall, as predicted by the weather experts.
Yuki Bhambri had to be content with a runner-up finish at the ATP Challenger event here as he lost the closely-fought final against world number 75 Hyeon Chung, on Sunday.The fourth seed Indian wild card lost the summit clash 5-7 4-6 against the second seed Korean in one hour and 40 minutes. Yuki’s effort got him 75 points which will get him close to
Watching daughter Lily-Rose struggling with bad health in 2007 was the “darkest period” of actor Johnny Depp’s life.The 52-year-old “Black Mass” stars’ daughter, now 16, was hospitalised in 2007 after contracting an E Coli infection that caused kidney failure. She was 7 years old at the time, reported People magazine. “For me it’s a gift. They give me the gift. When my daughter was ill in Great Ormond Street it was the darkest period of my life. I’d always done these visits but after that experience the visits became more and more important. “The kids are so courageous but to be able to bring a smile or a giggle to the parents means everything in the world to me,” Depp said.
Researchers have discovered that the genes that determine our height also influence why people tend to choose partners of similar height as themselves.The finding, published in the journal Genome Biology, suggests that our choice of romantic partner can be determined by genetics more than we might expect.“How we choose our partners has important biological implications for human populations. This study brings us closer to understanding the complex nature of sexual attraction and the mechanisms that drive human variation,” said lead researcher Albert Tenesa from University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’For the study, the researchers analysed genetic information from more than 13,000 heterosexual couples.They found that 89 per cent of the genetic variation that determines a person’s height also influences their height preference in a mate. By analysing the genetic information that determines a person’s height, it is possible to predict the height of that person’s partner with 13 per cent accuracy, the study said.
Kolkata: Purnendu Bose, minister of Technical Education, Training & Skill Development in the state on Tuesday stressed the importance of training among local youths in various sectors like soil testing labs, soil diagnosis, seed production and production of bio-fertilisers.If the unemployed youths are trained in these sectors they will be able to contribute towards the growth of agri-economy in the state, Bose said. He was speaking at the final day of Rural Connect-2018, organised by The Bengal Chamber at Biswa Bangla Convention Centre on Tuesday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”For quality crop production a sound knowledge of superior quality seed production is a must. There is need for training on how to use fertilisers and water judiciously. It has been observed that plants treated with bio-fertilisers give better results than those on chemicals. The whole concept of using the bio-fertilisers opens up immense scopes for training and employment,” Bose maintained. He also added that there are various government departments that are rendering assistance on skill developments, thereby helping village youths to get employed. Farmers need to learn the art of business, accounting operations, banking operations and how to market their produce, the minister said. It may be mentioned that the Utkarsh Bangla Scheme which was launched by the Bengal government has been providing vocational training to unemployed youths. The beneficiaries of the scheme are being imparted knowledge on skill development. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”It is crucial to train farmers. There are about 72 lakh farming families in the state. We also need to identify the youths who have some expertise and experience. They will be trained and then sent to fields where they can apply their knowledge during cultivation. We need to have a target to move forward,” Bose added. During his speech, Prof Swapan Kumar Dutta, Former DDG (ICAR) and V-C, Visva Bharati University said Bengal has a wide range of indigenous medicinal plants which can play a very important role in human health in 21st Century. There is a need to create conducive environment to grow these in controlled green houses or glass houses so that mass production can be achieved. Prasanta Kr Sarkar, director West Bengal State Medicinal Plant Board who was present in the programme, said medicinal plants are used in general medicine, Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathic and Siddha medicines. Around 12.5 percent modern medicines are from medicinal plants. Medicinal plants are chiefly exported to the UK, the US, Germany, Japan, Pakistan, Phillipines, Bangladesh. Currently, medicine plants are also being grown as cluster cultivation where three different plants are grown together in a common space.
Ditch the common yellow metal and opt for jewellery made from flowers or invest in good detachable jewellery for your wedding, suggest experts. Minimalism is the new trend in the world of bridal fashion. To balance the minimalistic look, refrain from using all heavy Jewellery at once. Go for minimal on neck jewellery with broad chokers or medium-length necklaces and opt for big earrings and maang-tikas to balance out the whole look.Do not only stick to the classic yellow metal and diamonds. Experiment with rare and differently coloured gemstones. Choose your jewellery in contrast with your wedding attire. Modern brides should avoid accessories that look too matching.If possible, the modern bride can try to include at least one antique piece in their wedding look from her mother’s jewellery collection. The emotional connect you’ll experience with that one piece of jewellery would be out of this world.Investing in detachable jewellery is an excellent option for modern brides as it can be worn even after the wedding. Detachable jewellery gives women a value for their money when they buy big bridal sets. They can wear them as per the occasion by removing or adding layers or pieces.Traditional heavy jewellery has always been a quintessential part of the bridal ensemble. To give a twist and add freshness to their look, modern brides can switch to fragrant flower jewellery for one of the wedding functions. Floral jewellery allows brides to have fun and comes handy. You can also replace your heavy earrings with chic and sassy ear cuffs.Coloured stone – either precious or semi-precious – adds an edge to diamond jewellery giving it a contemporary look perfect for modern day brides.Focus on jewellery which is versatile and more than a one-time wear. Investing heavily in jewellery which will only be worn once is not a wise choice.
Bengal Creations and Nothing Beyond Cinema, from Bangladesh and India, respectively, are jointly producing Balighawr, a film based on Suchitra Bhattacharya’s story ‘Dheu Ashe Dheu Jai’, to be presented by Abul Khair and Arindam Sil. For the first time in the history of joint-venture film productions in the country, two of the biggest names of Indian and Bangladeshi music – Bickram Ghosh from India and Chirkutt from Bangladesh – are joining hands to compose and collaborate. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfComprising of a multi-star cast Balighawr’s actors include Abir Chatterjee, Rahul Banerjee, Anirban Bhattacharya and Parno Mitra from India and Arifin Shuvo, Nusrat Imroze Tisha and Quazi Nawshaba Ahmed from Bangladesh.The film will be directed by Arindam Sil, with Samik Halder on board as the cinematographer. Shooting will begin on March 21 2018, and is set to be held in Kolkata, Santiniketan, Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar after joint venture permissions are in place in both the countries.A press meet was held at the Pan Pacific Sonargaon, Dhaka, on January 20 where the cast and producers were present.
Uttarakhand – popularly known as the ‘Land of Gods’ is emerging as one of the best destinations for shooting films. The beautiful ambiance and pleasant weather had always appealed filmmakers, but after the Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat met some of the renowned film personalities under ‘Investor’s Summit’ in Mumbai, things changed for the better. Trivendra was appreciated for his initiative, which has changed the perspective of entire film fraternity towards Uttarakhand. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfChief Minister met all the filmmakers present in the programme and asked them for suggestions on improvements that can be made in the state’s film policy. Minister further informed that state government is preparing a favorable environment for the film industry in the state. Nature has blessed Uttarakhand with so many things. Everything related to nature, which a filmmaker wants to capture in the camera, is there in the state.After taking suggestions from the producers and directors, the government will soon approve the new film policy, thereby opening the door to many big filmmakers. For attracting more and more filmmakers, fees for shooting movies have been waived off. Moreover, if any filmmaker applies for shooting in the state, he gets permission within seven days. As a result, six big Bollywood films have been shot in the state in the last six months. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”The Director of Baahubali movie S S Rajamouli surveyed the shooting places few days back and will be seen with their crew in Uttarakhand soon. We have also made provision of Rs 1.5 crore for the films whose 75 percent shooting will be done in Uttarakhand,” he said, adding “We want that if a filmmaker comes from Mumbai for shooting, he should not have to bring a big team of technicians, spot-boy etc. We are planning to provide such skilled technicians at the local level, for which we have started the Film Appreciation Course in Dehradun.” Impressed by the film policy of Uttarakhand, this year, Uttarakhand was conferred with ‘Special Mention Certificate for Film Friendly Environment’ award during the National Film Awards.Talking about the initiative, film producer Siddharth Roy Kapur said that this initiative of the state government is commendable. It is rare that a Chief Minister himself invites the filmmakers to come to his state. There is a lot of potential in Uttarakhand.Filmmaker Narayan Singh said that he has shot Batti Gul Meter Chalu in Uttarakhand, in which state government has provided a lot of support. The quiet atmosphere and discipline he witnessed while shooting in Uttarakhand could not be found anywhere else.Film producer Boney Kapoor also spoke of giving support to the Uttarakhand government. Renowned lyricist Prasoon Joshi said that the people of Uttarakhand are very sensitive. We all should work together to create such an atmosphere, which will create a friendly atmosphere for shooting in Uttarakhand.On this occasion, Chief Secretary Utpal Kumar Singh said that the state government will provide every possible help to film producers and directors. Secretary Information Dilip Javalkar gave information to the filmmakers about the facilities given in the Uttarakhand Film Policy. Also, he sought suggestions for making amendments in the film policy. Javalkar said that proposals are being prepared for investment in the film city and studio during the Investors Summit to be held in October.Rishabh Chopra of Yash Raj Films, Sheel Nimbalkar of John Abraham Productions, Kulmeet Makkar of Film and Television Producer Guild of India, Parth Arora of Fox Star Studios, President of Indian Motion Pictures Producer Association T.P.Aggrawal, Producer-Director Hansal Mehta, famous singer Anuradha Paudwal, and several other renowned personalities were present in the programme.Principal Secretary Manisha Pawar, Secretary Finance Amit Negi, Managing Director Saujanya, Chief Minister’s Media Adviser Ramesh Bhatt and Industrial Advisor K.S. Panwar were also present in the programme.
Talent can’t be taught, but it can be awakened. With that aim in mind Fface (Fame Fashion and Creative Excellence), one of the prominent talent management brands of Eastern India launched the 6th edition of Fface Calendar for 2019 at The Park, Kolkata.The launch witnessed the presence of Brand Face of Fface Calendar 2019, Koushani Mukherjee along with popular Tollywood faces including Subhasree Ganguly, Koneenica Banerjee with Director Raj Chakraborty. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe man behind Fface Neil Roy, Founder-Director started the evening by welcoming guests present at the grand launch. Speaking on the occasion Neil Roy said, “Fface is incomplete without the constant love and support that we have received each year from our audiences. I would like to thank everyone for believing in us and extending their hand of support towards us, especially our sponsors. Without their help and faith in our venture, we wouldn’t be able to reach on its sixth edition. We plan to take Fface at an even larger scale in the upcoming years to come.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe launch marked a gala fashion show unveiling final 12 new faces featuring in Fface Calendar 2019. The finalist wore trendy outfits from Max fashions and ITATVA and trotted the ramp with great oomph and style. The main attraction of the show was a ramp walk with the style statement of Maha Nayak Uttam Kumar, promoting Prabir Roy’s upcoming film Jete Nahi Dibo. The other round witnessed designs by Indroneel Mukherjee. Fface is known for setting standards when it comes to the fashion and entertainment industry and that stood corrected when all the model oozed with confidence and created an edge for themselves at the thrilling fashion show. The fashion show was followed by award ceremony where the contestants were rated for various titles and in return received exciting gifts from Max Fashions, ITATVA, Soumis, Be Bonnie, Auli, and The Fitness Factory. Finally, the show ended when the beautiful actress Koushani Mukherjee was introduced as the Brand Face of Fface calendar 2019. The actor seemed extremely thrilled and happy to be a part of such an exciting and youth-oriented venture.The star-studded event experienced the presence of crème de la crème of the city.
The United States fought a series of three wars against the Seminole people of Florida, beginning in 1816 and ending in 1858. These wars cost the lives of some 1,500 Americans and cost millions of dollars. Though other conflicts in the West captured the imagination of historians, novelists and film-makers since the opening of the frontier, to this day the three Seminole Wars are the costliest the United States fought against Native tribes. And they never officially ended.When the wars (which began in 1816) ended in the late 1850s, no treaty was ever signed ending the conflict between the United States government and the various groups of Seminoles in Florida.Marines battle Seminole Indians in the Florida War: 1835-1842.What ended the war was an offer of money to the leaders of the Third Seminole War to move west to reservations set aside in Oklahoma – after American troops had captured relatives of the main Seminole chief Holata Micco, known in English as “Billy Bolek” or more usually as “Billy Bowlegs” (which he did not have). Small groups of Seminoles remained in Florida, and those and their tribe-mates who returned to the state formed the basis of the Seminole in Florida today.The Seminole Tribe is not truly indigenous to Florida, though Florida today is recognized as their homeland. The Seminole are a successful example of people from many nations coming together to form a new one.The groups were originally formed by tribes that came southward, trying to avoid the expansion of white colonists in the Carolinas. The two original groups of people, the Yamasee and the Yuchi tribes, migrated to Florida in the early 1700s and were later joined by people from the Lower Creek tribe in the late 1700s.Yuchi Town, painting by Martin Pate (1990).The Lower Creek held land in southern Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and western Florida, but were in conflict with both white colonists and other tribes. Later migrations included groups of Choctaw and Chickasaw, both fleeing Georgia due to white expansion and tensions/conflict with tribes allied with the whites. Eventually included in some Seminole groups were bands of escaped slaves. These were known as the “Black Seminole.”19th century engraving of a Black Seminole warrior of the First Seminole War (1817–8).Throughout the 1700s these groups (which may have included handfuls of whites escaping harsh conditions in the penal colonies of Georgia) formed a new group of people that called themselves “Seminole,” which is a Creek word which can be translated as meaning “wild men” or “runaway men.”By the time the First Seminole War began in 1817, a larger number of Creeks, calling themselves “Red Sticks” after the color of their war clubs, joined the Seminole bands in Florida. The Seminole are estimated to number about 6,000 people at this time.Seminole woman painted by George Catlin, 1834.The groups were scattered about northern and north-western Florida at this time. Florida in 1817 was a Spanish possession, but at the time the Spanish Empire was in decline and among their possessions in the New World, Florida was the least profitable, and of least interest.They also paid various tribes to raid American border settlements in Georgia to keep the Americans at bay. Conversely, the Americans frequently made incursions into Florida, attacking Spanish garrisons at times, but mainly raiding Indian settlements in the search for escaped slaves. Some of the fighting resulted in the deaths of women and children of both sides.These incidents led to the First Seminole War. The U.S. forces were led by future President Andrew Jackson, who lately had achieved fame in the War of 1812. The First Seminole War also involved British and Spanish nationals and their treatment by Jackson — two British citizens were executed by order of Jackson for acting against the U.S. government.Andrew Jackson.Spain supported the Seminoles against the Americans and U.S. forces employed large numbers of Creek natives in their war in Florida. In many ways, this was to be the model of later Indian Wars on the western frontier – divide and conquer.The First Seminole War ended in 1819 with the Spanish ceding Florida to the United States, and the Seminoles agreeing to move to a large reservation in the center of Florida, though some Seminole chiefs did keep lands in north Florida.Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay.The second and most bloody of the Seminole Wars began after a short period of peace, which saw the Seminoles living on the assigned land, but occasionally wandering off it to hunt.Increasing white settlement and larger numbers of escaped slaves allying themselves loosely with the Seminoles were the reason for growing calls by whites to have the Seminoles removed to the Creek reservation in Oklahoma – though the Seminoles had deliberately removed themselves from the main group of Creeks in the last century.Andrew Jackson led an invasion of Florida during the First Seminole War.Disorganized at first, a group of chiefs went to the Creek reservation and met with U.S. representatives. The U.S. government made a show of it, stating that the Seminoles had agreed to leave Florida. When they returned to Florida, the Seminole chiefs loudly declared their opposition to being moved.As this was happening, and for a short time afterward, a series of extremely violent events occurred between white settlers, troops and the Seminoles – some of which were marked with mutilation, rape, etc, by all sides.Though some American officers, such as Major Ethan Allen Hitchcock saw the Seminoles’ reaction as being the result of Americans going back on their word, most Americans were inflamed with hatred for the Seminoles, and the Second Seminole War broke out in late 1835.Osceola, Seminole leader.The war did not initially go well for the U.S. forces. At the time, the U.S. Army as a whole numbered less than 10,000. Volunteers were called for, and those that did were woefully unprepared for combat, the climate, and the nature of Indian warfare.For about a year, the Seminoles inflicted a series of defeats on the Americans, who called forth more and more troops to force the Seminoles into a treaty or destruction. The most famous leader of the Seminoles was Osceola, a firebrand, but many other chiefs were involved in the war.Osceola was seized at the orders of Gen. Thomas Jesup when he appeared for a meeting under a white peace or parley flag.Eventually, U.S. troops led by future President Zachary Taylor did subdue the Seminoles, but it took more than just armed force. A combination of bribes to move, hunger and war reduced the Seminoles in Florida to about 300 by 1842.Zachary Taylor.By this time too, the American public and government was tired of the war, which threatened to continue as a violent guerrilla type conflict for years. Perhaps 1,000 U.S. troops and twice that number of Seminoles had died, along with hundreds of non-combatants.Eventually, the Second Seminole War just petered out – Congress would authorize no more funds for it, the Seminoles in Florida had been reduced in number, and the public was tired of war.View of a Seminole village shows the log cabins they lived in prior to the disruptions of the Second Seminole War.The Seminoles were limited to the reservation area in central Florida and a “buffer zone” was placed around it which theoretically forbade both whites and Natives from entering. However, some whites entered to settle and Seminole hunting parties often left the barren reservation for food.Another problem was miscommunication. A trading goods store on the west coast was destroyed after Seminoles believed white rumors about the proprietor being an agent of the government, plotting to remove the Indians from Florida.Woodcut from ‘A true and authentic account of the Indian War in Florida,’ Saunders & Van Welt, 1836.Between 1848 and 1855, small bands of Seminoles throughout the state fought with militia, troops and raided settlements. Though nowhere near the size of the tribe of the Second Seminole War, their small size allowed the Seminole bands to more successfully evade the U.S. Army.However, a tireless pursuit kept the Indians hungry and on the run. By 1858, the main Seminole chief, “Billy Bowlegs,” a veteran of the Second Seminole War, finally agreed to a cash payment and land in Oklahoma. He and about 200 Seminoles headed west, though the chief died shortly thereafter.One or two other groups did the same, but various small bands remained in Florida. The government, believing that the main resistance had been quelled, left them alone in the swamps. No treaty ending the war was ever signed.Read another story from us: White House Poisoning? President Zachary Taylor’s Body was Exhumed and Tested for ArsenicThe Seminoles faced discrimination after the Civil War, and it was not until the Civil Rights Act of 1965 that they gained the right to vote. Slowly building small businesses based on tourism and small and then larger scale gambling, the Seminoles of Florida gradually became an economic force. Today, they own, of all things, the “Hard Rock Cafe” chain.Other recognized groups of Seminoles live in Oklahoma, and the Miccosukee band of Seminoles, a more traditional group, live in central Florida, making their living through Eco-tourism.
Greta Garbo is the demure and elusive icon of Hollywood’s Golden Age. In her most iconic roles, she played tragedy and melancholy to perfection. Her portrayals of strong-willed heroines earned her three Oscar nominations and she was awarded an Honorary Oscar in 1954 for her significant achievements on the silver screen.Garbo is as misunderstood as she is beloved, even her famous line “I want to be alone” is misquoted, as the actress told Life magazine in 1955, “I only said, ‘I want to be let alone! There is all the difference.”Publicity photo of Greta Garbo in Anna Karenina.Born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson on September 18, 1905, she grew up in poverty in a grey and difficult Stockholm. Of her childhood home she said, “Where we lived, all the houses and apartments looked alike, their ugliness matched by everything surrounding us.”Even as a child Garbo was enamored with the theatre, an escape from the mundanity of her surroundings, and was cast in her first film in 1924.Greta GarboThat very same year, Garbo was spotted by Lewis B. Mayer in the film The Saga of Gosta Berling.Mayer was immediately taken with her onscreen presence and the luminosity of her eyes, a perfect siren for the silent-screen.At the age of 20, Garbo arrived in the U.S. to start her Hollywood career; she underwent surgery to straighten her hairline and teeth, had her eyebrows plucked and was told to lose 30 pounds.Greta GarboHer main co-star during those formative years was John Gilbert, and their on-screen chemistry sparked rumors that elevated both of their careers to the heady heights of stardom.At one time, John Gilbert was the most beloved leading man in Hollywood. His films regularly grossed over $700,000 (around $10 million in 2018), and he is generally credited with teaching Garbo the acting skills that would become a part of her iconic repertoire.Gilbert with Greta Garbo in A Woman of Affairs (1929).Legend has it that for John Gilbert it was love at first sight and within three weeks of meeting Garbo, he had proposed marriage multiple times.Gilbert got as far as setting a date and was devastated when, on the day they were to wed, Garbo didn’t show up.Garbo in Flesh and the Devil (1926) with John Gilbert.This episode seems to coincide with a decline in Gilbert’s stardom, and he would soon be just a memory of the silent screen.Garbo, on the other hand, continued her meteoric rise. She admitted later in life that Gilbert was the great love of her life and she owed much of her success to his watchful eye. She could not, however, bear the thought of being married to anyone; of the incident Garbo reflected, “I was afraid he would tell me what to do and boss me. I always wanted to be the boss.”Greta Garbo in 1925 by Arnold Genthe.From this point onwards, Garbo became a lifelong bachelorette and cultivated the air of mystery which became part of her enduring allure.Gilbert was undoubtedly a great love in Garbo’s life, but as we know from the lengthy correspondences that became public in the years after her death, he was not the only one.Greta Garbo in 1925 by Arnold Genthe.Starting in 1924, Garbo maintained a sixty-year-long letter exchange with her drama school sweetheart, Swedish actress Mimi Pollack.In her first letter to Pollack, Garbo describes how “The letter from you has aroused a storm of longing within me.” Garbo – whose stage name was said to have been invented by Pollak – describes herself as ‘slow, tired, boring’ when far from her girlfriend.In another letter from 1928, Garbo writes “I dream of seeing you and discovering whether you still care as much about your old bachelor. I love you, little Mimosa.” Two years later, when Pollak made the surprising announcement that she was pregnant, Garbo writes: ‘We cannot help our nature, as God has created it. But I have always thought you and I belonged together.’Later, in reference to the birth of Pollak’s son, Garbo writes: ‘Incredibly proud to be a father.’ The letters get increasingly intimate as time goes on.Garbo and Fredric March in Anna Karenina (1935).There had been rumors about Garbo’s sexuality for years, including a particularly scintillating one about an alleged affair with Marlene Dietrich. The writer Mercedes da Costa also claimed to having a lesbian affair with Garbo.For golden era Hollywood however, keeping up appearances was integral to keeping the cash rolling in; studios were adept at cover-ups, and its stars were contractually obliged to maintain a particular image. Which meant that if Garbo did indeed have inclinations towards other women, it had to be kept under strict lock and key.Portrait photograph of Greta Garbo.Garbo was not ashamed of her sexuality but knew better than to risk the wrath of studio executives and the strong opinions of members of the public.It is likely that Garbo’s isolation had as much to do with her dislike for publicity as it did with her longing and heartbreak for the long-lost love of Mimi Pollack that was not able to be spoken, or consummated.Read another story from us: The Seductive Aura of Marlene Dietrich – Golden Age Pioneer of AndrogynyThere were rumors and whispers during Garbo’s life, but if there was ever any doubt about her sexuality after her death, these letters show that, even during the throes of her relationship with John Gilbert, how deeply she loved and pined for her drama school sweetheart.
Advertisement The most astounding thing about Barkley’s comments is their lack of self of awareness. Barkley forced his way out of Philadelphia in 1992 to Phoenix. And at the end of his career, he created a failed super team in Houston with Hakeem Olajuwon and Scottie Pippen.Today in the Herd, Colin pointed out that the public doesn’t like Kevin Durant to the Warriors, or LeBron to the Heat, because they’re foregoing the struggle, and traditional story arc, for a short cut to a ring.“We don’t like 26 year-old tech billionaires. We don’t like you to just hop over to a team that’s loaded to win. That’s not the way the story works. There’s an order to stuff, and we like that certain order. And if you mess with that order, it messes with us.”The romantic NBA memories of yesterday are rooted in a false premise that “players didn’t used to leave”. They did, they just did it at the end of their career. From Charles, to Mitch Richmond, to Gary Payton, to Karl Malone, ring hunting at the end of a career is nothing new.Nobody has a problem that David West just signed with the Warriors for so little he has to get a part time job at Best Buy to cover some expenses. Ray Allen has expressed interest in un-retiring to play for the Warriors after a two-year absence from the league. They paid their dues.Durant is just accelerating the timeline and people can’t stand it. He doesn’t see nobility in the masochistic struggle of giving all of his best years like Karl Malone. He’d prefer to sit back in the Warriors G5 and enjoy the luxury ride to a title in his prime. Social media is melting down from all the “Kevin Durant isn’t tough enough” hot takes. Predictably, critics are jumping on Durant for not having what it takes to be the main man for a title team, and joining the superstar collective in Golden State for an easier path to his first title.Charles Barkley has been an outspoken critic of Durant leaving, in a recent interview he called out Durant for trying to “cheat” his way to a title.Charles Barkley: ‘Kevin Durant is Trying to Cheat His Way into a Championship’ https://t.co/A2BIF2vuK6— SLAM Magazine (@SLAMonline) July 6, 2016
Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. 2 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals Tech giant Google has gobbled up Bump, the mobile app startup that allowed users to share files simply by “bumping” their smartphones. Yeah, kind of like a fist bump but with phones. And data is shared.The deal was announced yesterday on the Bump blog by co-founder and chief executive David Lieb. The Bump team will join Google and continue to operate as usual “for now,” Lieb said.”Our mission at Bump has always been to build the simplest tools for sharing the information you care about with other people and devices,” Lieb wrote. “We strive to create experiences that feel like magic, enabled behind the scene with innovations in math, data processing, and algorithms.”Bump had raised nearly $20 million from investors including Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz. Google might have paid anywhere from $30 million to $60 million for the company, according to AllThingsD.Related: A Look at the Long, Contentious Road to Buying Dell Inc.Bump was founded in 2008 after Lieb, then a student at the University of Chicago’s MBA program, found himself daydreaming of an easy, efficient way to share contact information. The app launched in March 2009 and quickly gained popularity, with more than 40 million downloads in less than two years. Today, it has more than 100 million downloads.Bump has changed directions a number of times since its splash on the market. In 2011, for instance, Bump began allowing users to share photos, music, calendar appointments, and to become friends with other users over a Bump social network. But by early 2012, Bump 3.0 was released, effectively slashing many of the features that were added the previous year. No longer could users share calendars, music and apps. The social features disappeared. Bump decided to focus on the sharing of photos and contact information, instead.Last year, Bump launched Flock, a group photo-sharing app. Bump has also made money by licensing its technology to developers who have used it for things like exchanging money by touching phones.How Google might eventually utilize Bump is unclear. Google did not immediately return an email seeking comment.Update: A Google spokesperson sent us this statement: “The Bump team has demonstrated a strong ability to quickly build and develop products that users love, and we think they’ll be a great fit at Google.”Related: Fast Facts on Twitter’s Startup Buying Spree September 17, 2013 Register Now »